How to Grow Peas

[stub]

Botanical Information

Taxonomy

History

Physical Description

Varieties & Cultivars

Categories or Types of Peas

Colors Available

Varieties to Grow

Growth Requirements

Climate & Temperature Requirements

Air Temperature

  • peas perform better in cool weather (60-75°F)
  • shade cloth can help extend the season when it gets warm

Soil Temperature

Humidity

Day Length or Light Requirements

Site Conditions Favored

Soil Requirements

Soil Texture

  • prefer plenty of organic matter

pH

  • 5.5-6.8

Nutrient Requirements

  • prefer plenty of organic matter

Propagation

Methods of propagation

Seed

  • presoak seeds to prevent disease and to speed germination
  • peas are usually direct-sowed as soon as the ground can be worked in the spring

Division

Cuttings

Transplanting or Potting Up

Seed Saving

Planting Out

Bed Prep & Soil Amendments

Bed Spacing

Row Spacing

Planting Depth

Alternative Bed Methods

Container Gardening

Routine Cultivation & Maintenance

Water Requirements

  • provide moderate water until bloom, then lower the water rate
  • adequate water is needed for high yield

Fertilization Recommendations

Mulching & Weeding

Pinching or Pruning & Dividing

Support

  • require trellising

Winterizing

Companion Planting

Helpful Companions

Harmful Companions

Companion to..

Pests, Diseases & Problems

Common Pests

Common Diseases

Symptoms

Whole Plant

Leaves

Stem/Trunk

Flowers

Fruit

Roots

Harvesting & Storage

Edible Parts of the Plant

  • young shoots
  • pod
  • peas

Yield

  • regular picking extends the harvest and increases the yield

Days to Harvest / Harvest Timing

  • Pea varieties that have edible pods should be harvested when the seeds (peas) are nicely developed in the pod and have a bright green color VG
  • English peas should be harvested when the pods are full and well rounded out VG
  • usually ready to harvest about 3 weeks after the flower appears PVFS
  • snow peas should be harvested before the peas are fully developed in the pods PVFS
  • snap peas should be harvested when the peas have enlarged in the pods PVFS

Harvest Methods

Storage of harvest

Fresh

Canned

Frozen

Pickled

Dried

Cooking

Nutritional Benefits & Values

  • riboflavin
  • vitamin B6
  • Magnesium
  • Potassium
  • dietary fiber

Toxicity

Cooking

Preparation

Cooking Methods

Recipes for Peas

Resources

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