Foot & Root Rot

Also known as Basal Rot

Physical Description


Species & Taxonomy

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  • Genus Species: Fusarium spp.

Plants Affected

  • Tomatoes, cucumbers, and melons are frequently affected
  • soft-stemmed plants, especially seedlings and cuttings, are commonly affected, but most annual, biennial, and herbaceous perennial plants may show symptoms

Signs & Symptoms

Whole Plant

  • deterioration of basal stem tissues causes the upper parts of the plant to wilt, discolor and die back
  • the tissues at the stem base may darken, atrophy, become discolored (usually darkening), and occasionally soften





root rot may occur simultaneously

How to Positively Identify



  • no cure for infected plants, but you can prevent the spread of the fungus

Prevention & Control

  • prevent spread by promptly removing infected plants, along with the soil mix or soil around their roots
  • hygienic cultivation techniques, including the use of sterilized media, clean trays, pots & tools, even water
  • see “Fusarium Wilt” for more ideas on combating fusarium


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