How to Grow Radishes

Fast-growing and useful for both greens and the root crop; also very easy to grow.

Botanical Information

Taxonomy

 from Wikipedia
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Brassicales
Family: Brassicaceae
Genus: Raphanus
Species: R. sativus

Part of the Cole Family (Brassicaceae), which includes broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, kohlrabi, kale, collards, rutabaga, turnip, mustards.

History

Physical Description

Varieties & Cultivars

Categories or Types of [plantname]

Colors Available

Varieties (link to ../category/cultivars/tag/[plantname])

Growth Requirements

Climate & Temperature Requirements

Air Temperature

  • considered a cool season crop, but happy in cool, warm, or hot weather
  • temperature guidelines:
    • minimum: 40°F
    • optimal temperature range: 45°-90°F
    • optimum temperature: 85°F
    • maximum: 95°F

Soil Temperature

Humidity

Day Length or Light Requirements

Site Conditions Favored

Soil Requirements

Soil Texture

pH

Nutrient Requirements

Propagation

Methods of propagation

Seed

  • start outdoors since they are such quick growers
  • sow seeds in mid-summer and no later than early fall BG

 

Transplanting or Potting Up

  • root crops don’t usually like to be transplanted

Seed Saving

Planting Out

Bed Prep & Soil Amendments

Bed Spacing

Row Spacing

Planting Depth

  • 1/2″ BG

Alternative Bed Methods

  • biointensive: 3″ equidistantly BG

Container Gardening

Routine Cultivation & Maintenance

Water Requirements

Fertilization Recommendations

Mulching & Weeding

Pinching or Pruning & Dividing

Support

Winterizing

Companion Planting

Helpful Companions

  • Peas HGMV
  • Nasturtiums: deters aphids, squash bugs, and striped pumpkin beetles; improves growth & flavor HGMV
  • Lettuce HGMV
  • Cucumbers HGMV
  • Chervil: improves growth & flavor HGMV

Harmful Companions

  • Hyssop: keep away from radishes HGMV

Companion to..

  • Peas HGMV
  • anything susceptible to striped cucumber beetles (radishes are thought to be helpful in controlling them) HGMV

Pests, Diseases & Problems

Common Pests

Common Diseases

Symptoms

Whole Plant

Leaves

Stem/Trunk

Flowers

Fruit

Roots

Harvesting & Storage

Edible Parts of the Plant

Yield

  • biointensive:
    • Neither weight nor area efficient HGMV
    • 100 lbs per 100 sq ft for beginners
    • 540 lbs per 100 sq ft for advanced

Days to Harvest / Harvest Timing

  • days to maturity: 70-182 days BG
  • matures in 17+ weeks BG
  • harvest lasts for 4-8 weeks BG
  • can succession sow & harvest easily with this quick-growing crop
  • allow crop to mature over winter
  • When radishes begin to mature you’ll see their shoulders rising above the soil; pull one up and check out the size; mature radishes will be about 1/2″ – 1 1/2″ in diameter VG

Harvest Methods

Storage of harvest

Fresh

Canned

Frozen

Pickled

Dried

Cooking

Nutritional Benefits & Values

Toxicity

Cooking

Preparation

Cooking Methods

Recipes (link to …/category/recipes/tag/[plantname])

Resources

Information for this article was taken from these sources:

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